Nebulized Medication

Delivery of Inhaled Medication In Adults


INTRODUCTION


The delivery of therapeutic aerosols is an important component of treatment for many respiratory disorders. The advantages of aerosolized therapy include delivery of medication directly to the site of action, potentially faster onset of action, and reduced systemic availability to minimize adverse effects of the medication.


OVERVIEW


The types and function of devices available for delivery of therapeutic aerosols are reviewed here. The education of patients regarding optimal inhaler technique and the role of these medications in the management of asthma and COPD are discussed separately. (See "The use of inhaler devices in adults" and "The use of inhaler devices in children" and "An overview of asthma management" and "Management of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" and "Management of exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease".)